Penguin Lesson Plan

Instructional Goals
1. Students will be able to describe and openly speak about the many different species of Penguins
            2. Students will learn about how Penguins survive in arctic temperatures. 
            3. Students will learn how to actively participate in class activities. 
As a result of this specific lesson, the students will learn about Penguins and how they go about their daily lives, how they stay warm, how they take care of their babies, etc.  Students will interact with peers during a hands on “blubber” activity where they learn how Penguins stay warm in the freezing temperatures of the artic. 

            1.  45 minutes
2.  I plan to start the lesson by reading a non fiction book, Penguins, by Gail Gibbons.
3.  Students will then be allowed to ask each other questions, as well as the teacher about facts that confused them or vocabulary words they were unfamiliar with.  These questions will then be turned into a class discussion and answered as a whole.  
4.  The first activity will teach students to work together:
1.  Students will cover one finger with Crisco and dip the covered finger into a bucket of ice water.  This will simulate what it feels like to be a Penguin while swimming in cold water. 
2.  Allow time for clean up because some of the students won’t like the feeling of “slime’ on their fingers after out of the water. 
3.  After the blubber activity, students will then learn what it is like to be a mommy or daddy Penguin. 
4.  After demonstration, students will attempt to walk with an egg on top of their feet (which are kept together to ensure that the egg does not fall and crack).
5.  Penguins carry their eggs on top of their feet with their bellies resting on top.  Students will take that information and mimic their actions.    
4.  Students will then journal about their experience, what they liked and what they didn’t like about being a Penguin and if they could choose to be a human or a Penguin, what would they be?
All students should be able to speak about the different types of Penguins listed in the book that was read to the class.  They should be able to describe what it feels like to have Penguin blubber as well as be able to discuss how Penguins take care of their baby eggs. 

Content Standards
This lesson fits the curriculum, state benchmarks, and content standards.

Instructional Materials
            1.  Paper for the students to journal with
            2.  Handouts with instructions on how to complete the above experiments
            3. Crisco
            4. Bucket of ice water
            5. Paper towels for clean up
            6. Eggs (21)

1.  Teacher will look for students who are able to interact effectively with other students during the activities, as well as students who are helping other complete each task. 
2.  Teacher will collect the journal entries written by each student about their experience. 
3.  There will be participation points given to the students who actively participate in the lesson and turn in a journal entry about the activity. 

1.  All materials and directions will be read orally and displayed visually with below level readers kept in mind.
3.  Assistive technology will be work for student with hearing disability. 

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